The developments of Smart Grids alter the roles and responsibilities of distribution network operators (DNOs) and requires rethinking the regulatory framework, which in Germany is determined by the "Anreizregulierungsverordnung", in short "ARegV".
The most recent ARegV amendment offers additional incentives for network investments but lacks incentives for smartness. Thinking one step further, however, the question is how the conceptual development of regulation towards a future "ARegV 3.0" should look like. This research project analyses misaligned incentives for DNOs based on both a network model and a regulatory model and suggests further adjustments of the regulatory framework.

QUARREE100 promotes the research and implementation of a future-proof energy supply using the example of the urban quarter “Rüsdorfer Kamp” in the German district town Heide, Schleswig-Holstein. The demonstration project is supported by the Federal Government as part of the funding program “Solares Bauen / Energieeffiziente Stadt”.The team of “Bremen Energy Research” (BER) examines the regulatory issues regarding the implementation of inter-linked systems and self sufficiency concepts from an economic perspective.

Enera is a large demonstration project with 32 partners investing 175 million € into the model region in the north of Germany. The Bremen Energy Research group coordinates the regulatory analysis in enera. Overall, the goal is to develop an institutional design that enables the efficient facilitation of the energy transition and digitalization.

German Energy Transition in the European Energy System. This project provides a model-based scenario analysis of developments in the German electricity system taking into account the European context until 2050. Joint study with Öko-Institut & Eclareon, funded by BMWi. Assessment of the development of cross-border inter-connectors on the German electric borders and its impact on the development of the energy transition and the electricity supply industry in Germany. Within this project, the team of JUB analyses the regulatory hurdles of inter-connector investments and the impacts of varying market designs in Europe (including capacity mechanisms) on the German electricity market.


Roland Meyer, Gert Brunekreeft & George Elias
Journal of Regulatory Economics 58, pages78–97(2020)

Gert Brunekreeft, Julia Kusznir, Roland Meyer, Madoka Sawabe & Toru Hattori
Bremen Energy Working Papers No. 33, March 2020


Prof. Dr. Gert Brunekreeft

Adjunct Professor for Energy Economics
Head of Workgroup

Christine Brandstätt, M.Sc.

Research Associate at Jacobs University Bremen & Fraunhofer IFAM

Dr. Marius Buchmann

Research Associate at Jacobs University Bremen

Dr. Julia Kusznir

Research Associate at Jacobs University Bremen

Dr. Roland Meyer

Research Associate at Jacobs University Bremen

Martin Palovic, M.A.

Research Associate at Jacobs University Bremen